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Faculty Profiles

Mark Hall

Mark Hall

Director of Health Law and Policy Program
Fred D. & Elizabeth L. Turnage Professor of Law

336.758.4476
hallma@wfu.edu
Worrell 3335

Books

The Affordable Care Act Decision: Philosophical and Legal Implications (Routledge Press 2014).

Teachers' Manual for Health Care Law and Ethics casebook series (Editions in 1991, 1998, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2013) (Aspen 2013).

Bioethics and Public Health Law (Aspen 2013) (with D. Orentlicher, M. Bobinski).

Medical Liability and Treatment Relationships (Aspen 2013) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

The Law of Health Care Finance and Regulation (Aspen 2013) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

Health Care Law and Ethics (Aspen 2013) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

The Health Care Safety Net in a Post-Reform World (Rutgers University Press 2012).

Bioethics and Public Health Law (Aspen 2008) (with D. Orentlicher, M. Bobinski).

Medical Liability and Treatment Relationships (Aspen 2008) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

The Law of Health Care Finance and Regulation (Aspen 2008) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

Health Care Law and Ethics (Aspen 2007) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

Bioethics and Public Health Law (Aspen 2005) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

Medical Liability and Treatment Relationships (Aspen 2005) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

The Law of Health Care Finance and Regulation (Aspen 2005) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

Health Care Law and Ethics (Aspen 2003) (with M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

Health Care Law and Ethics (Aspen 1998) (with Wm. Curran, M. Bobinski, D. Orentlicher).

Making Medical Spending Decisions (Oxford University Press 1997).

Health Care Corporate Law: Facilities and Transactions (Aspen 1996).

Health Care Corporate Law: Managed Care (Aspen 1996).

The Charitable Tax Exemption (Westview Press 1995).

Health Care Corporate Law: Financing and Liability (Aspen 1994).

Is Community Rating Essential to Managed Competition? (AEI Press 1994).

Reforming Private Health Insurance (American Enterprise Institute 1994).

Health Care Corporate Law: Formation and Regulation (Aspen 1993).

Health Care Law, Forensic Science, and Public Policy (Little Brown & Co 1991) (with Wm. Curran, D.H. Kaye).

Book Chapters

Employment-Based Health Coverage, in The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Healthcare Law (Glenn Cohen, Allison K. Hoffman, and William M. Sage, eds. 2016).

Coding Case Law for Public Health Law Evaluation, in Public Health Law Research: Theory and Methods (A. Wagenaar and S. Burris 2013).

Legal Methods, in Methods in Medical Ethics (J. Sugarman and D. Sulmasy, eds. 2010).

Property, Privacy, and the Pursuit of Integrated Electronic Medical Records, in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions (E. Elhauge, ed. 2010).

Quality Regulation in the Information Age: Challenges for Medical Professionalism, in Medical Professionalism in the New Information Age (2010).

Insurance and Genetic Discrimination, in Genetic Testing: Care, Consent, and Liability 156-162 (Neil F. Sharpe and Ronald F. Carter, eds. 2005).

The Management of Conflict over Health Insurance Coverage, in The Privatization of Health Care Reform (M. Gregg Bloche, ed. 2003).

The Ethics and Empirics of Trust, in The Ethics of Managed Care: Professional Integrity and Patient Rights (Wm. Bondeson and James Jones, eds. 2002).

Referral Practices under Capitation, in Ethical Challenges in Managed Care: A Casebook (K. Gervais, et al. eds. 1999).

Physician Rationing and Agency Cost Theory, in Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Practice and Research 228-50 (R. Spece, et al. eds. 1996).

Liberal and Communitarian Ethics of Insurance Selection, in Health Care Crisis: The Search for Answers? 94-111 (R. Misbin, et al. eds. 1995).

Liberal and Communitarian Ethics of Insurance Selection, in Health Care Crisis: The Search for Answers? 94-111 (R. Misbin, et. al., eds. 1995).

Introduction, in 79 Ways to Calm a Crying Baby by Diana S. Greene (1988).

Articles

Collaborative Construction of a New Legal Field, 68 72-78 (2018).

A Study of Affordable Care Act Competitiveness in North Carolina: A Field Research Report, 20 Risk Management & Insurance Review. 153 (2017).

Financial Performance of Health Insurers: State-Run versus Federal-Run Exchanges, Medical Care Research and Review (2017).

Five-State Study of ACA Marketplace Competition, 20 Risk Management & Insurance Review 233-47 (2017).

Providing Health Information to Latino Farmworkers: The Case of the Affordable Care Act, 22 Journal of Agromedicine 275 (2017).

The Role of Courts in Shaping Health Equity, 42 Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 749 (2017).

Narrow Provider Networks for Employer Plans, Employee Benefit Research Institute (2016).

Conscience, Courage, and"Consent", 46 Hastings Center Report 30 (2016).

The Affordable Care Act's Day(s) in Court, 44 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 576 (2016).

Health Insurers' Financial Performance and Quality Improvement Expenditures in the Affordable Care Act's Second Year, 72 Medical Care Research and Review 113 (2015).

How Insurers Are Competing Under the Affordable Care Act, 15 Houston Journal of Health Law and Policy 17-41 (2015).

Irregular Migrant Access to Care: Mapping Public Policy Rationales, 8 Public Health Ethics 130 (2015).

King v. Burwell--ACA Armageddon Averted, 373 New England Journal of Medicine 479 (2015).

The impact of local immigration enforcement policies on the health of immigrant Hispanics/Latinos in the USA, 105 American Journal of Public Health 329 (2015).

Toward Relationship-Centered Health Law, 50 Wake Forest Law Review 233 (2015).

Justice Roberts Gets It, 45 Hastings Center Report 7 (2015).

Disingenuous: The Latest Legal Challenges to Health Insurance Reform, 44 Hastings Center Report 6 (2014).

Evaluating the Affordable Care Act: The Eye of the Beholder, 51 Houston Law Review 1029 (2014).

Obamacare: What the Affordable Care Act Means for Patients and Physicians, 349 BMJ Clinical Research 5367 (2014).

States' Decisions Not to Expand Medicaid, 92 North Carolina Law Review 1459 (2014).

Employers' Use of Health Insurance Exchanges: Lessons From Massachusetts, 6 Saint Louis University Journal of Health Law & Policy 355 (2013).

Impact of Medical Loss Regulation on the Financial Performance of Health Insurers, 32 Health Affairs 1546 (2013).

Self-Insurance for Small Employers Under the Affordable Care Act: Federal and State Regulatory Options, 68 New York University Annual Survey of American Law 539 (2013).

There Oughta Be a Law, 43 Hastings Center Report 7 (2013).

Organizing Uninsured Safety-Net Access to Specialist Physician Services, 24 Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 741 (2013).

Health Care Law versus Constitutional Law, 38 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 267 (2013).

Insurers' Medical Loss Ratios and Quality Improvement Spending in 2011, 14 Commonwealth Fund 1 (2013).

Insurers' Responses to Regulation of Medical Loss Ratios, 26 Commonwealth Fund 1 (2012).

A Healthcare Case for the Ages, 6 Journal of Health and Life Sciences Law 1 (2012).

Can Consumers Control Health Care Costs?, 15 Forum for Health Economics and Policy 23 (2012).

Constitutional Mortality: Precedential Effects of Striking the Individual Mandate, 75 Law and Contemporary Problems 107 (2012).

The Affordable Care Act Survives, for Now, 42 Hastings Center Report 12 (2012).

The Cost of Medicaid Coverage for the Uninsured: Evidence from Buncombe County, NC, 73 North Carolina Medical Journal 263 (2012).

The Costs and Adequacy of Safety Net Access for the Uninsured in Genesee County, Michigan, 23 Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 327 (2012).

Overbilling and Informed Financial Consent–A Contractual Solution, 367 New England Journal of Medicine 396 (2012).

Supreme Court Arguments on the ACA–A Clash of Two World Views, 366 New England Journal of Medicine 1462 (2012).

Regulating Stop-Loss Coverage May Be Needed to Deter Self-Insuring Small Employers from Undermining Market Reforms, 31 Health Affairs 316 (2012).

The Affordable Care Act without the Mandate, 31 Health Affairs 251 (2012).

Access to Care Provided by Better Safety Net Systems for the Uninsured: Measuring and Conceptualizing Adequacy, 68 Medical Care Research and Review 441 (2011).

Approaching Universal Coverage with Better Safety Net Programs for the Uninsured, 11 Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics 9 (2011).

Clearing Out the Underbrush in Constitutional Challenges to Health Insurance Reform, 364 New England Journal of Medicine 793 (2011).

Commerce Clause Challenges to Health Care Reform, 159 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1825 (2011).

Getting to Universal Coverage with Better Safety-Net Programs for the Uninsured, 36 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 521 (2011).

Health Care Reform--What Went Wrong On The Way To The Courthouse, 364 New England Journal of Medicine 295 (2011).

Individual Versus State Constitutional Rights Under Health Care Reform, 42 Arizona State law Journal 1233 (2011).

Model Safety-Net Programs Could Care for the Uninsured at One-Half the Cost of Medicaid or Private Insurance, 30 Health Affairs 1698 (2011).

Not So Fast— Jurisdictional Barriers to the ACA Litigation, 364 New England Journal of Medicine (2011).

Rethinking Safety-Net Access For The Uninsured, 364 New England Journal of Medicine 7 (2011).

Risk Adjustment Under the Affordable Care Act: Issues and Options, 20 Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy 222 (2011).

The Factual Bases for Constitutional Challenges to Federal Health Insurance Reform, 38 Northern Kentucky Law Review 457 (2011).

The Mission of Safety Net Organizations Following National Insurance Reform, 26 Journal of General Internal Medicine 802 (2011).

The Sausage-Making of Insurance Reform, 41 Hastings Center Report 9 (2011).

Using Empirical Research to Inform Research Ethics: The Conflict of Interest Notification Study (COINS), SoCRA Source 12 (2011).

Advanced Neonatal Nurse Practitioners in the Workforce: A Review of the Evidence to Date, 96 Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition. F151 (2011).

Constitutional Challenges to Compulsory Insurance: A Guide through the Gauntlet, 41 Hastings Center Report 14 (2011).

Using Payroll Deduction to Shelter Individual Health Insurance from Income Tax, 46 Health Services Research 348 (2011).

Paying for Individual Health Insurance Through Tax-Sheltered Cafeteria Plans, 47 Inquiry 252 (2010).

Government-Sponsored Reinsurance, 19 Annals of Health Law 465 (2010).

Property, Privacy, and the Pursuit of Integrated Electronic Medical Records,, 95 Iowa Law Review 631 (2010).

The Three Types of Reinsurance Created By Federal Health Reform, 29 Health Affairs 1168 (2010).

Lessons from Credit Bureaus for Improving the Market for Electronic Medical Records, 44 The Journal of Consumer Affairs 546 (2010).

Per Capita Payments in Clinical Trials: Reasonable Costs versus Bounty Hunting, 85 Academic Medicine 1554 (2010).

Biobanking, Consent, and Commercialization in International Genetics Research: The Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium (T1DGC), 7 Clinical Trials S33 (2010).

Professional Obligations When Patients Pay Out of Pocket, 58 The Journal of Family Practice (2009).

Community Hospital Oversight of Clinical Investigators' Financial Relationships, 31 IRB: Ethics and Human Research 7 (2009).

Disclosure of Financial Relationships to Participants in Clinical Research, 361 New England Journal of Medicine 916 (2009).

Ownership of Medical Information, 301 The Journal of the American Medical Asssociation 1282 (2009).

The Patient Life: Can Consumers Direct Health Care, 35 American Journal of Law and Medicine 7 (2009).

Toward a 21st Century Health Care System: Recommendations for Health Care Reform, 150 Annals of Internal Medicine 493 (2009).

When Patients Say No (To Save Money): An Essay on the Tectonics of Health Law, 41 Connecticut Law Review 743 (2009).

After Insurance Reform: An Adequate Safety Net Can Bring Us to Universal Coverage, 39 Hastings Center Report 9 (2009).

The Constitutionality of Mandates to Purchase Health Insurance, 37 Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2009).

Toward a 21st Century Health Care System: Recommendations for Health Care Reform, 150 (2009).

Book Review of Patient, Heal Thyself: How the New Medicine Puts the Patient in Charge, by Robert M. Veatch, 359 New England Journal of Medicine 2851 (2008).

Book Review, Health Care At Risk: A Critique of the Consumer-Driven Movement, by Timothy Jost, Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 845 (2008).

Effects of Disclosing Financial Interests on Attitudes Toward Clinical Research, 23 Journal of General Internal Medicine 860 (2008).

Effects of Disclosing Financial interests on Participation in Medical Research: A Randomized Vignette Trial, 156 American Heart Journal 689 (2008).

Learning from the Legal History of Billing for Medical Fees, 23 Journal of General Internal Medicine 1257 (2008).

Patients as Consumers: Courts, Contracts, and the New Medical Marketplace, 106 Michigan Law Review 643 (2008).

Screening for Hemochromatosis and Iron Overload: Satisfaction with Results Notification and Understanding of Mailed Results in Unaffected Participants of the HEIRS Study, 12 Genetic Testing 491 (2008).

The Legal and Historical Foundations of Patients as Medical Consumers, 96 Georgetown Law Journal 583 (2008).

The Professional Ethics of Billing and Collections, 300 The Journal of the American Medical Asssociation 1806 (2008).

Systematic Content Analysis of Judicial Opinions, 96 California Law Review 63 (2008).

Attitudes of African American and Low Socioeconomic Status White Women Toward Medical Research, 18 Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 85 (2007).

Developing Model Language for Disclosing Financial Interests to Potential Clinical Research Participants, 29 IRB: Ethics and Human Research 1 (2007).

Effects of State Managed Care Patient Protection Laws on Physician Satisfaction, 64 Medical Care Research and Review 585 (2007).

Genetic Screening for Iron Overload: No Evidence of Discrimination at 1 Year, 56 Journal of Family Practice 829 (2007).

Results Communication And Patient Education After Screening For Possible Hemochromatosis And Iron Overload, 9 Genetic Medicine 778 (2007).

Teaching DRG's: How and Why, American Health Lawyers Association (2007).

Disclosing Conflicts of Interest in Research: Views of IRBs, Conflict of Interest Committees, and Investigators, 34 Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 581 (2006).

Employers' Liability Risk for Managed Care Injuries, 22 Benefits Quartlery 45 (2006).

Impact Of Hemochromatosis Screening In Patients With Indeterminate Results, 8 Genetic Medicine 681-7 (2006).

Measuring Trust in Medical Research, 44 Medical Care 1048 (2006).

Paying For What You Get And Getting What You Pay For: Legal Responses To Consumer-Driven Health Care, 69 Law and Contemporary Problems 159 (2006).

Policies of Academic Medical Centers for Disclosing Financial Conflicts of Interest to Potential Research Participants, 81 Academic Medicine 113 (2006).

Privatization of Blue Cross Plans: Public Benefit or Public Harm?, 27 Annual Review of Public Health 443 (2006).

Researching Medical Trust in the United States, 20 Journal of Health Organization and Management 456 (2006).

Rethinking Professional Ethics in the Cost-Sharing Era, 6 The American Journal of Bioethics W17 (2006).

The History and Future of Health Care Law: An Essentialist View, 41 Wake Forest Law Review 347 (2006).

Views of Potential Research Participants on Financial Conflicts of Interest: Barriers and Opportunities for Effective Disclosure, 21 Journal of General Internal Medicine 901 (2006).

Can You Trust a Doctor You Can't Sue?, 54 DePaul Law Review 303 (2005).

Concerns In A Primary Care Population About Genetic Discrimination By Insurers, 7 Genetics in Medicine 311 (2005).

Do Employers Voluntarily Include Patient Protections in Self-Insured Health Plans?, Managed Care Interface 76 (2005).

Health Insurers' Medical Necessity Determinations for Bariatric Surgery, 1 Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases 89 (2005).

How Patients' Trust Relates To Their Involvement In Medical Care, 54 Journal of Family Practice 344 (2005).

Impacts of Managed Care Patient Protection Laws on Health Services Utilization and Patient Satisfaction with Care, 40 Health Services Research 647 (2005).

Liability Implications of Physician-Directed Care Coordination, 3 Annals of Family Medicine 115 (2005).

Patient Acceptability of Genotypic Testing for Hemochromatosis In Primary Care, 7 Genetics in Medicine 557 (2005).

Reviving Managed Care with Health Savings Accounts, 246 Health Affairs 1490 (2005).

The "Death" of Managed Care: A Regulatory Autopsy, 30 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 427 (2005).

The Impact on Patient Trust of Legalizing Physician Aid in Dying, 31 Journal of Medical Ethics 693 (2005).

The Importance of Trust for Ethics, Law, and Public Policy, 14 Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 156 (2005).

The Role of State Regulation in Consumer-Driven Health Care, 31 American Journal of Law and Medicine 395 (2005).

A Corporate Ethic of"Care" in Health Care, 3 Seattle Journal for Social Justice 417 (2004).

An Exploration of Patients' Trust in Physicians in Training, 15 Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 294 (2004).

Balancing Commercial and Public Interests, 5 Current Controlled Trials in Cardiovascular Medicine 1 (2004).

Caring, Curing and Trust: A Response to Gatter, 39 Wake Forest Law Review 447 (2004).

How Patient-Physician Encounters In Critical Medical Situations Affect Trust: Results Of A National Survey, 4 BMC Health Services Research 24 (2004).

Letter, Evidence-Based Medicine on Trial, 291 The Journal of the American Medical Asssociation 1697 (2004).

Malpractice Litigation Reform: Empirical Approaches to Establishing the Legal Standard of Care, 19 Journal of Medical Practice Management 279 (2004).

Managed Care Patient Protection or Provider Protection? A Qualitative Assessment, 117 American Journal of Medicine 932 (2004).

Measuring Patients' Trust in Physicians When Assessing Quality of Care, 23 Health Affairs 124 (2004).

The Impact and Enforcement of Prudent Layperson Laws, 43 Annals of Emergency Medicine 558 (2004).

Where Is the "There" in Health Law? Can It Become a Coherent Field?, 14 Health Matrix 101 (2004).

Book Review, Holding Health Care Accountable, by Haavi Morreim, 28 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 556 (2003).

Discrimination in Insurance: Experience in the United States, Encyclopedia of the Human Genome (2003).

Effect of Language Immersion on Communication With Latino Patients, 64 North Carolina Medical Journal 258 (2003).

State Regulation of Medical Necessity: The Case of Weight-Reduction Surgery, 53 Duke Law Journal 653 (2003).

The Impact of Blue Cross Conversions on Accessibility, Affordability, and the Public Interest, 81 The Milbank Quarterly 509 (2003).

The Scope and Limits of Public Health Law, 46 Perspectives in Biology and Medicine S199-S209 (2003).

Trust and Satisfaction with Physicians, Insurers, and the Medical Profession, 41 Medical Care 1058 (2003).

What if You Could Sue Your HMO? Managed Care Liability Beyond the ERISA Shield, 47 Saint Louis University Law Journal 235 (2003).

Capitation Payment, Length of Visit, and Preventive Services: Evidence from a National Sample of Outpatient Physicians, 8 American Journal of Managed Care 332 (2002).

Genetic Enhancement, Distributive Justice, and the Goals of Medicine, 39 San Diego Law Review 669 (2002).

HIPAA's Small-Group Access Laws: Win, Loss or Draw?, 22 Cato Journal 71 (2002).

How Disclosing HMO Physician Incentives Affects Trust, 21 Health Affairs 197 (2002).

Ideology and Trust: A Reply to Bloche, 55 Stanford Law Review 955 (2002).

Law, Medicine, and Trust, 55 Stanford Law Review 463 (2002).

Market Failures and the Evolution of State Regulation of Managed Care, 65 Law and Contemporary Problems 169 (2002).

Measuring Medical Practice Patterns, 37 Wake Forest Law Review 779 (2002).

Measuring Patients' Trust in their Primary Care Providers, 59 Medical Care Research and Review 293 (2002).

Of Magic Wands and Kaleidoscopes: Fixing Problems in the Individual Market, 21 Health Affairs W353 (2002).

Symposium Introduction: Empirical Approaches to Establishing the Medical Standard of Care, 37 Wake Forest Law Review 663 (2002).

The Theory and Practice of Disclosing HMO Physician Incentives, 65 Law and Contemporary Problems 207 (2002).

Trust in the Medical Profession: Conceptual and Measurement Issues, 37 Health Services Research 1419 (2002).

Two Cheers for Employment-Based Health Insurance, 2 Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics 23 (2002).

Do Patients Trust Their Doctors? Does it Matter?, 62 North Carolina Medical Journal 188 (2001).

HealthMarts, HIPCs, MEWAs, and AHPs: A Guide for the Perplexed, 20 Health Affairs 142 (2001).

State Reinsurance Pools for Small-Group Health Insurance, Journal of Insurance Regulation (2001).

The Structure and Enforcement of Health Insurance Rating Reform, 37 Inquiry 376 (2001).

Trust in Physicians and Medical Institutions: What is it, Can it be Measured, and Does it Matter?, 79 The Milbank Quarterly 613 (2001).

Agents' Behavior under Health Insurance Market Reforms, 18 Journal of Insurance Regulation 340 (2000).

An Evaluation of New York's Reform Law, 25 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 71 (2000).

An Evaluation of Vermont's Reform Law, 25 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 101 (2000).

Disclosure of Physician Incentives: Do Practices Meet Purposes?, 19 Health Affairs 156 (2000).

Genetic Privacy Laws and Patients' Fear of Discrimination by Health Insurers: The View from Genetic Counselors, 28 The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 245 (2000).

Health Insurance Purchasing Cooperatives: Performance and Prospects, 78 The Milbank Quarterly 511 (2000).

How Should Physicians Involve Patients in Medical Decisions?, 283 The Journal of the American Medical Asssociation 2390 (2000).

Laws Restricting Health Insurers' Use of Genetic Information: Impact on Genetic Discrimination, 66 The American Journal of Human Genetics 293 (2000).

Patients' fear of genetic discrimination by health insurers: the impact of legal protections, 2 Genetics in Medicine 214 (2000).

The Geography of Health Insurance Regulation: A Guide to Identifying, Exploiting, and Policing Market Boundaries, 19 Health Affairs 173 (2000).

The Impact of Health Insurance Market Reforms on Market Competition, 6 The American Journal of Managed Care 57 (2000).

The Role of Independent Agents in the Success of Health Insurance Market Reforms, 78 The Milbank Quarterly 23 (2000).

Book Review, U.S. Health Law and Policy: A Guide to the Current Literature, by Donald Caldwell, Jr., 20 Journal of Legal Medicine 435 (1999).

Expanding Managed Care Liability, Health Affairs (1999).

Exploring the Ethics of Clinical Role Conflicts, 282 The Journal of the American Medical Asssociation 132 (1999).

Genetics, Law and Public Policy, Wake Forest Law Review (1999).

Legal Rules and Industry Norms: The Impact of Laws Restricting Health Insurers' Use of Genetic Information, 40 Jurimetrics 93 (1999).

Restricting Insurers' Use of Genetic Information: A Guide to Public Policy, 3 The North American Actuarial Journal 34 (1999).

State Strategies to Reduce the Growing Numbers of People without Health Insurance, 22 Regulation (1999).

The Competitive Impact of Small Group Health Insurance Reform Laws, 32 University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform 685 (1999).

Ethical Practice in Managed Care: A Dose of Realism, 128 Annals of Internal Medicine 395 (1998).

Public Choice and Private Insurance: The Case of Small Group Market Reforms, University of Illinois Law Review 757 (1998).

The Ethics of Managed Care: A Dose of Realism, 28 Cumberland Law Review 287 (1998).

When Courts Review Medical Appropriateness, 36 Medical Care 1295 (1998).

A Theory of Economic Informed Consent, 31 Georgia Law Review 511 (1997).

Character of Guidelines Evolves, Concern Lingers Over Protection, 13 Medical Malpractice Law and Strategy 1 (1996).

Insurance Regulation of Providers that Bear Risk, 22 American Journal of Law and Medicine 361-87 (1996).

Insurers' Use of Genetic Information, 37 Jurimetrics 13 (1996).

Judicial Protection of Managed Care Consumers: An Empirical Study of Insurance Coverage Disputes, 26 Seton Hall Law Review 1055 (1996).

Letter to the Editor (regarding health care rationing), Annals of Internal Medicine (1996).

Book Review (regarding Medicaid fraud), Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1995).

Futility policies and the law, 56 North Carolina Medical Journal 450 (1995).

Letter to the Editor (regarding organ procurement), 11 Issues in Science & Technology 18 (1995).

Letter to the Editor (regarding outcomes research), The Journal of the American Medical Asssociation (1995).

Managed Competition Meets Tax-Neutrality, 14 Health Affairs 274 (1995).

Managed Competition and Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems, 29 Wake Forest Law Review 1-14 (1994).

Medical Liberalism's past and Future. Review Of: E.J. Emanuel, The Ends of Human Life: Medical Ethics in a Liberal Polity, 84 Jurimetrics 235 (1994).

Rationing Health Care at the Bedside, 69 New York University Law Review 693-780 (1994).

Redefining the Terms of Health Insurance to Accommodate Varying Consumer Risk Preferences, 20 American Journal of Law and Medicine 187-201 (1994).

The Ethics of Health Care Rationing, 8 Public Affairs Quarterly 33 (1994).

The Problems with Rule-Based Rationing, 19 Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 315 (1994).

The Role of Insurance Purchasing Cooperatives in Health Care Reform, 3 Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy 95 (1994).

Health Policy and the Courts, Health Affairs (1993).

Informed Consent to Rationing Decisions, 71 Milbank Quarterly 645 (1993).

Medical Technology Assessment and Practice Guidelines: Their Day in Court, 83 American Journal of Public Health 1635 (1993).

Health Insurance: Community-Rating or Experience-Rating?, 2 Responsive Community 79 (1992).

Health Insurers' Assessment of Medical Necessity, 140 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1637 (1992).

Reforming the Health Insurance Market for Small Businesses, 326 New England Journal of Medicine 565 (1992).

The Adequacy of Hospital Reimbursement Under Medicaid's Boren Amendment, 13 The Journal of Legal Medicine 205 (1992).

The Donative Theory of the Charitable Tax Exemption, 52 Ohio State Law Journal 1379 (1992).

The Future of Tax-Exemption for Non-Profit Hospitals and Other Health Care Providers, 2 Health Matrix 1 (1992).

The Political Economics of Health Insurance Market Reform, 11 Health Affairs 108 (1992).

The Charitable Status of Nonprofit Hospitals: Towards a Donative Theory of Tax Exemption, 66 University of Washington Law Review 307 (1991).

The Defensive Effect of Medical Practice Policies in Malpractice Litigation, 54 Law and Contemporary Problems 119 (1991).

Health Care Cost Containment and the Stratification of Malpractice Law, 30 Jurimetrics 501 (1990).

The Medical Malpractice Standard under Health Care Cost Containment, 17 The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 347 (1989).

Book review of M. Siegler et al., Medical Innovation and Bad Outcomes, 28 Jurimetrics 247-52 (1988).

Institutional Control of Physician Behavior: Legal Barriers to Health Care Cost Containment, 137 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 431 (1988).

Making Sense of Referral Fee Statutes, 13 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 623 (1988).

The Unlikely Case in Favor of Patient Dumping, 28 Jurimetrics 389 (1988).

Book review of P. Danzon, Medical Malpractice: Theory, Evidence, and Public Policy, 26 Jurimetrics 203 (1986).

Rate Appeals under Medicare's New Prospective Payment System: Reflections on the Meaning of 'Prospectivity', 38 University of Florida Law Review 407 (1986).

The Jurisdictional Nature of the Time to Appeal, 20 University of Georgia Law Review 299 (1986).

Hospital and Physician Disclosure of Patient Crimes, 62 University of Detroit Law Review 145 (1985).

Common Carriers under the Communications Act, 48 University of Chicago Law Review 409 (1981).

Intergovernmental Cooperation and the Transfer of Powers, University of Illinois Law Review 775 (1981).

Lawful Domicile under ' 212(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 47 University of Chicago Law Review 771 (1980).

Other

From Replicability to Replication in Systematic Coding of Legal Decisions (March 19, 2019).

How Do Noncompliant Health Plans Affect the Market?, Commonwealth Fund (November 15, 2017).

How Have Health Insurers Performed Financially Under the ACA's Market Rules?, Commonwealth Fund (October 2017).

States have already tried Trump's health-care order. It went badly, Washington Post (October 13, 2017).

Most-Cited Health Law Scholars (with an update on multiple authors), Bill of Health (April 18, 2017).

Making Sense Of'Invisible Risk Sharing', Health Affairs Blog (April 12, 2017).

The Financial Consequences of Terminating the ACA's Cost-Sharing Reduction Payments, Commonwealth Fund (March 2, 2017).

A Study of Affordable Care Act Competitiveness in North Carolina: A Field Research Report.

Stopping Surprise Medical Bills: Federal Action Is Needed, Health Affairs Blog (February 1, 2017).

How To Get Rid Of Surprise Medical Bills, Fortune (December 2016).

Health Care Law and Ethics in a Nutshell (West 2011).

Constitutionality of Mandating Health Insurance, Legal Issues in Health Care Reform (May 2009).

Health Care Law and Ethics in a Nutshell (West 1999).

Health Care Law and Ethics in a Nutshell (West 1989).